Myocardial infarction – life threatening disease.After an attack of myocardial extremely important process of rehabilitation. Thus the sick person is required to comply strictly with all the doctor’s recommendations, monitor the patient. In addition to medical treatment, dose of physical activity, positive mental attitude, one of the most important stages of the recovery period is a well-balanced diet.
Meals after myocardial infarction – an obligatory observance of a diet that will prevent weight gain and blood clots, reduce unnecessary strain on the cardiovascular system, and most importantly, to restore the function of the heart muscle (myocardium). In the process of rehabilitation after a heart attack is important to reduce blood cholesterol levels , regularly excrete waste products and oxidized products of metabolism.Particular attention should be paid to the amount of salt intake. Diet after myocardial infarction should be virtually salt-free in nature, with the obligatory limitation of total food intake, as well as the number of drunk liquid.
To reduce the weight of indicators is necessary to drastically reduce or completely abandon consumption of fatty foods, all kinds of sweets, bakery products. In the recovery period such food any good body will not bring, except for the extra kilos. Dieting reduces by half the risk of re-attack the deadly disease.
Meals at the initial stage of recovery
In the first 2 – 3 days after the attack, when the acute phase of the disease occurs, preference should be given drinks. This low-fat yogurt, weak tea, broth hips, juice, natural orange, apricot, currant juice. Drink is recommended to use a quarter cup 6 – 8 times a day. During this period, absolutely contraindicated milk, grape and tomato juices. The first two drinks increase bloating and tomatoes can stimulate blood clotting.
After 3 days after the infarction it should move to semi-liquid food. Food, more precisely dishes made from them, are to be wiped. Eating should be fractional, small portions, 5 – 6 times a day. In this rehabilitation period in the diet are starting to include dairy products, grated cheese, porridge, boiled meat, lean fish, steam scrambled eggs, grated carrots and beets. Before going to bed is recommended to drink a glass of fruit juice or yogurt. At the end of the week recovery period, you can gradually increase the energy value of food consumed, of course, within reason.
It should be noted that in the first weeks after myocardial infarction patient bed rest is prescribed.This often leads to disruption of intestinal function. As a result, it may increase body weight, appear persistent constipation that can cause recurrent bouts. In this case, power is required to pay attention. It is necessary to exclude from your diet foods that trigger flatulence. Fresh fruit or prunes can quite gently to activate the motor function of the intestines, increase its motility.
For people who have had a heart attack, it is of great importance to receive daily food full set of all the necessary vitamins and minerals. One of the most important vitamin is ascorbic acid (vitamin C), which is present in sufficient quantity in the decoction of rose hips, strawberries, lemons, black currants, oranges.
Important during the recovery B vitamins, which are rich in potatoes, cabbage, buckwheat. Dilates blood vessels and positively affect the contractile function of the heart muscle potassium salts contained in prunes, dried apricots, raisins. A stabilized magnesium salt indicators cholesterol in the blood contribute to decrease in blood pressure. Their source – figs, beans, nuts. We should not forget about seafood (seaweed, crabs, mussels, shrimp), rich in biologically active substances.
Meals after myocardial infarction involves the exclusion of mustard diet, smoking, coffee, nourishing broths, roasted meats, canned food, alcoholic drinks. Dieting and the advice of a doctor is required to help the heart to recover quickly. Take care of yourself!